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BOOK REVIEW: THE SOLDIER’S GUIDE TO PTSD, A NO-SH!T GUIDE TO RECLAIMING YOUR LIFE by Virginia Cruse

What I Loved About This Book

In this book, Virginia Cruse, a licensed professional counselor and combat veteran, covers a very serious subject – PTSD – in a way that is easy to read and understand. You don’t have to be a professional counselor to get it. In fact, this book was written for veterans, not mental health counselors. Virginia’s prose is witty, colloquial, and quite funny. The book is filled with metaphors and cliches that only veterans understand but that solidly land the point she is trying to make.

I related well to this author. Her use of irreverent humor kept me eagerly anticipating the next paragraph. At the same time, it was clear to me that Virginia is a knowledgable support provider who deeply cares about what veterans are going through and wants to help.

As a layperson’s handbook, this work covers a good range of topics, including what PTSD is and isn’t, moral injury, therapeutic methods, suicide, social support and relapse prevention. Virginia takes these subjects head-on, in plain language that doesn’t pull any punches. For each of those subjects, she provides practical advice on how to work through them and get help. The author also provides a list of resources so that veterans can learn more.

One of the most important things this book offers is hope for people struggling with PTSD or moral injury. Virginia describes three scientifically based interventions that will help most people. She is very adamant that veterans can overcome PTSD and should seek help. This is an encouraging book.

What I Would Add

While I think this is a great book that every veteran should have on his or her shelf, there are a couple of things that I would have like to seen in its pages. Virginia describes three treatments that are approved by the VA and backed by science. There are other treatments that have also shown efficacy that are not part of the VA’s official catalogue. It would have been nice if Virginia mentioned those treatments or interventions. There are also other organizations that provide great mental health service to veterans, many of which are free. These organizations could have been included in the list of resources.

I wish the author cited more research. Virginia provided little in the way of citations so that the reader could verify her claims. As a scholar, I am more interested in seeing the research than most readers will be, but a light sprinkling of citations throughout the book would be helpful for those who did not want to take everything at face value. Just referencing more numbers would help make her case. For instance, Virginia stated that suicide is ”ubiquitous in the military. It is likely that every Service Member read- ing this has lost more buddies to suicide than combat.” That statement makes a great point, but I doubted it until I double-checked for myself and found out that four times as many service members have committed suicide than were killed in combat over the same time period (https://www.npr.org/2021/06/24/1009846329/military-suicides-deaths- mental-health-crisis). Putting those numbers in the text would help solidify her point.

Overall, this is a great book that every veteran should own and read. Virginia’s passion and knowledge is stellar. I’m glad that she is out there helping our brothers and sisters in arms. You can purchase the book through Amazon and other retailers.


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Post-Session Summary of Healers, Episode 1: Repairing Self-Esteem

by Susan Sganga, Public Health Specialist

This is a community of practice aimed at helping people to recover their sense of self-worth. The goal is for practitioners to talk, ask questions, interact, and help each other to learn and grow. With a subscription cost of $25 per month, participants receive 2 books, CEUs, and a free pass to the 2023 Comprehensive Moral Injury Conference in Atlanta.

The learning objectives are these:

1. Define moral injury

2. Describe how moral injury affects people’s self-esteem

3. Explain ways chaplains, psychologists, social workers, and other caregivers can help a person rebuild their self-esteem

Moral injury is caused by a traumatic event that profoundly disturbs one’s sense of what is right. It is a betrayal of one’s core values. Let’s say Charlie is ordered to attack a building in a war-time situation. When he assesses the damage, he finds dead women and children. He is consumed by guilt. Let’s say Susie is raped by her boss while on a business meeting. She feels shame, guilt, anger, and betrayal. Moral injury is an ancient problem, as old as Cain and Abel, but as a research field, it is a new phenomenon. It involves one human deeply wronging another human being. It also occurs when a perpetrator, a murderer or rapist, morally injures himself by his own actions.

Charlie’s commanding officer lied to him, as did many other officers in combat situations. Charlie realized that he and his teammates drank so much after deployments due to their guilt, although they didn’t understand that at the time. Witnessing wrongful acts and doing nothing because one felt powerless also leads to moral injury. The perpetrators, victims, and witnesses to immoral acts have each suffered moral injury. Medical personnel without adequate resources also face moral injury, as do those harmed by racism. 

Religious people experience moral injury, as do atheists. Deeply held moral beliefs can    come from religious teachings, but also from family teachings, codes of ethics, and laws.

Self-esteem is lowered when people don’t feel valued, or worthy of the good things in life. They may feel that they can’t be redeemed because of the bad things they have done, that others have done to them, or they have witnessed. These thoughts can lead to depression, anxiety, and suicide. Prison chaplains say that even criminals feel they have done morally injurious things (i.e., they are not hardened psychopaths). 

Most people have a low sense of self-esteem or worth. Even high performers are often      motivated to prove their worth, and when they fail, they feel they are just “garbage.”            Not all, but many, instances of low self-esteem are the result of moral injury. 

How can we help to rebuild self-esteem, or our own evaluation of our worth as a human being? We all tend to link our value to our performance, or behavior. But we must delink our self-esteem from our behavior. How can we do that? As a Christian, my value or self-worth comes from God. I was created as a unique individual, and if I sin (behave wrongly), I can be forgiven. So, I see 3 ways to rebuild someone’s self-esteem.

  1. Establish a source of value that does not shift. Either that comes from being created in the image of God, or being unique, irreplaceable, or knowing I matter in the world. Caregivers must listen for clues, as people don’t see their problems as being rooted in their self-esteem. A person with high self-esteem doesn’t hesitate to seek help, but a person with low self-esteem doesn’t feel he is worthy of your time.
  2. Help the person to see that everyone deserves a chance for redemption. Mistakes do not mar his value. When a morally injurious act occurred, often the person acted on limited information. Charlie received an illegal order in the fog of war. Susie was raped but felt she should have been able to prevent it. The practitioner’s role is to help her to see that she was not empowered at the time. She trusted an untrustworthy person. We need help on the journey to be able to reframe and change our perspective.
  3. Helping the person to establish a new self-image means to rehumanize them. Daily affirmations can help them to reprogram their brains by choosing to believe they are valuable. Reading books and blogs is a useful strategy.  Multiple sessions are often needed, with reiterations and remembering what has been learned in a trusting therapeutic relationship.

Chaplains aim to uplift soldiers. While the world doesn’t affirm our value, and people often visit their own pain on others, we as caregivers should be sending the message that each person is valuable and of great worth. 

Next month’s meeting will be on Revitalizing the Disempowered.

Subscribe and join us live on December 7th at 7:oo pm ET.

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Healers, Episode 1: Repairing Self-Esteem

People who experience a morally injurious event, such as a sexual assault, toxic leadership, body objectification, and various forms of betrayal often loose their self-esteem. They begin to see themselves as a worthless human. What they spent a life time building, their self-worth, can be lost in an instant of tragedy. 

Some people never had a strong sense of personal value. Because of early childhood experiences, they enter adulthood already feeling that they are less than other humans. Oftentimes, these people become good targets for predators. When abused by a vicious attacker, who could be a fellow Soldier, a spouse, or a trusted friend, the person with diminished self-worth sinks even lower. The incident only serves to confirm what the survivor already expected-that they are a piece of human garbage to be used, abused, and thrown away.

The good news is that self-esteem can be repaired. The healing process will not take place over night. It can take years for a person to start feeling good about themselves. As healers, we may not have years to give to a client to help them build their esteem. That’s okay. Our role is not to complete their healing process for them. We do not have to be with them from start to finish. What we can do is give them some tools, offer perspectives, and provide some reading materials. The hard work of mending self-esteem will have to be done by the person, but he or she often needs advice and counseling to get started. Hard times will come. A loving, encouraging chaplain, psychologists, social worker, or other caring professional can keep someone going in the midst of all of their challenges. 

The first episode of Healers, a Moral Injury Community of Practice, that meets monthly on Zoom, will discuss the subject of repairing self-esteem after a moral injury event. To join us on November 2nd at 7:00 pm (ET), subscribe at: https://chaplainconsultants.com/product/monthly-network-subscription/. Your monthly subscription (save $25 by paying for the year up-front) gives you access to this community of practice. You can join the conversation, offer your own experiences, and increase your network of practitioners. This is not a webinar, but a meeting of peers and colleagues. In addition to the community of practice, you also get a ticket to the 2023 Comprehensive Moral Injury Conference, the premier conference of the year; two books published by Moral Injury Support Network for Servicewomen, Inc.; access to recordings for any meetings you missed; and automatic distribution of our annual report.

Dr. Daniel Roberts, President and CEO of MISNS, is a 20+ year long member of the U.S. Army Chaplain Corps. In the span of time, he has helped many servicewomen who experienced moral injury due to sexual assaults, bullying, spousal infidelity, and other traumatic events. His work and research on moral injury and providing pastoral care has been published in the Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, the Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling, the Qualitative Report, SAGE Business Cases, and Amazon. He can be reached at droberts@chaplainconsultants.com. LinkedIn Profile.

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What is the Tubman Chaplain Network About and Who Can Benefit from It

During my 20+ years in the U.S. Army Chaplain Corps, I provided emotional and spiritual support to many military women, recruited chaplains into the service, and conducted two research projects aimed at exploring chaplain support to servicewomen, both from the female and male chaplains’ perspectives. In the process, I learned a few things:

  • Nine out of 10 chaplains in the Army are male (the other services are also male dominated).
  • Most women I counseled or interviewed for research either had a negative experience with a male chaplain or did not trust her chaplain to provide effective support.
  • Many male chaplains are doing a good job in providing sensitive care to military women, but there is a strong percentage of chaplain men that are either avoiding women out of fear of being falsely accused of sexual harassment or are insensitive in their pastoral care to servicewomen.
  • Women with Master of Divinity degrees are underutilized in Christian circles today. Few women who go to seminary and complete their MDivs are being employed as full time chaplains or pastors.
  • A staggering number of women veterans are isolated and do not trust institutions, such as the VA, to provide to them the care they need.

Analyzing those things together, it occurred to the Board of Directors and I that a chaplain network, manned by female chaplains, and supporting only women veterans, could help fill a void in emotional and spiritual support. Thus the Tubman Chaplain Network (TCN) was born. We toyed with a number of names for the network, but Karen Meeker, an Army chaplain colonel and a member of the MISNS Board of Directors suggested the Tubman name. Harriet was a great woman of religious conviction, courage and faith. She helped countless people escape slavery. We like to think of the Tubman Chaplain Network as a good representative of what Harriet did by helping women on the road to freedom from the distress, pain, and anguish of moral injury.

TCN chaplains are highly qualified ministers. They possess Master of Divinity (or equivalent) degrees and at least two years of experience as religious professionals. We provide to them training on moral injury and cover them with liability insurance. A complaint and investigation process has also been instituted in case a woman ever feels that she is mistreated by one of our chaplains. Of course, we don’t expect that to happen, but misunderstandings do occur. Every complaint will be thoroughly and fairly investigated.

We do not require clients to have received an honorable discharge. For those who have been discharged from the military , it does not matter what kind of discharge they received. Women who received less than honorable discharges are very likely to need TCN’s services because they may not have VA benefits due to their discharge status.

Some women simply want to get chaplain support from someone who is not part of their chain of command. They don’t want to risk that their information might get leaked to the commander or that others might know that they are seeking help. Other women do not trust their current chaplain, are in a unit without a chaplain, or don’t know of a pastor or chaplain that can help them. There are many reasons why a woman might want to seek support from TCN. Whatever the reason, we are here to help.

Dr. Daniel Roberts, President and CEO of MISNS, is a 20+ year long member of the U.S. Army Chaplain Corps. In the span of time, he has helped many servicewomen who experienced moral injury due to sexual assaults, bullying, spousal infidelity, and other traumatic events. His work and research on moral injury and providing pastoral care has been published in the Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, the Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling, the Qualitative Report, SAGE Business Cases, and Amazon.

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The Many Tentacles of Moral Injury

While the term moral injury (MI) was originally envisioned to address the gap between PTSD and what Vietnam veterans were experiencing after returning from the war, our understanding of the phenomenon has grown (Shay, 2014). Due to recent scholarly work in the fields of servicewomen, healthcare, social work, and many others, we now know that moral injury can appear in many domains. The precursor of MI can be a wide variety of things, such as combat, sexual assault, having to choose who lives or dies in a healthcare setting, being forced to operate in a high stakes environment without needed resources, bullying, hazing, and all forms of injustice.

Given that moral injury refers to the trauma that occurs when one’s sense of moral rightness is violated, MI’s tentacles are everywhere and there is virtually no industry where one could not put together a viable research project on moral injury and gather important data. In other words, there is no human endeavor on this planet where moral injury does not have a chance of occurring.

Moral injury can not only do damage to those who are the direct victims of trauma, but it can affect others who are simply trying to help survivors. Chaplains, social workers, psychiatrists, nurses, physicians, and first responders of all kinds can suffer the consequences of moral injury through secondary trauma.

The tentacles of moral injury can spread even further. One could make the case that whole communities, even nations can be affected by MI. Might one draw the conclusion that non-white ethnic communities in many Western nations are suffering from moral injury due to perceived racial injustices?

MI damages the body, soul and mind. It can lead to long term health effects, psychosis, and even suicide. Many survivors cannot maintain meaningful relationships with others and are prone to substance abuse and homelessness.

MI is such a complex phenomenon that there is no universally agreed upon definition and scholars are still working to define the borders of moral injury. There is years worth of work to be done. One way that Moral Injury Support Network for Servicewomen, Inc. is attacking the problem is through the 2021 Comprehensive Moral Injury Conference (CMIC).

The 2021 CMIC, sponsored by Road Home Program and DoD inTransition, provided important information from researchers, thought leaders, and practitioners on the subject of moral injury in a wide range of domains and settings, including military and first responders, healthcare, women veterans, social justice, and chaplaincy. Presenters represent a variety of fields, including chaplaincy, psychology, medicine, community health, and others. The conference offered papers, workshops, and panels on assessment tools, interventions, and new research to deepen attendees’ understanding of moral injury and introduce ways of helping those suffering from moral injury.

When one begins to think deeply about moral injury and discuss it with others, it does not take long to realize that MI cuts across every discipline and is probably the source of most people’s deep pain. Because moral injury is so pervasive and the information is so important, we are offering access to the recordings, slides, and handouts from the conference. Many disciplines, including psychology, social work, chaplaincy, occupational and physical therapy, and counseling can benefit from the knowledge in the recordings.

References

Shay, J. (2014). Moral injury. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 31(2), 182-191.

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Seeking Community Partners for Research Project

The overall aim of this project is to explore the phenomenon of secondary moral injury among spouses, ex-spouses, partners, or ex-partners of military service members with a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

In this project, we are using a community based participatory approach, which means we are looking to the community of practice and affected family members to help ensure our design meets the needs of the people we are trying to help. The community of practice includes spouses, ex-spouses, partners, and ex-partners of service members; non-profit organizations and government agencies that work with veterans and families; chaplains; and community health providers.

Community partners do not pay fees for their participation and do not receive compensation. Partners may help us fine tune study design, develop recruiting flyers and messages, make appropriate changes to the interview guide, and be the first to get updates on the project’s progress.

This study was approved by the Thomas Jefferson University Office of Human Research Institutional Review Board. Contact Dr. Daniel Roberts at droberts@chaplainconsultants.com for more information.

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A Very Important Book

In the spring of 2019, I was conducting some phone interviews as part of a ground-breaking research project. The study focused on the moral injurious experiences of women veterans, and the data was very disturbing. As someone who has worked in the U.S. military chaplain corps for many years, I realized that many chaplains did not fully grasp all of the very difficult realities that servicewomen face. Later, I learned that many clinicians and social workers also needed the information I was uncovering.

As a result of the data, I decided to create a new conference to educate these support providers on moral injury in women veterans. I also wanted to hear from those chaplains and clinicians who were doing a great job helping servicewomen and veterans. It took nearly a year to put the event together, but a great committee of dedicated people joined me and we managed to get it done.

Needless to say, the conference was a huge success. Participants included women veterans, chaplains, clinicians, social workers, business leaders, and non-profit organizers. Due to COVID-19, the conference was held on the Zoom platform rather than in a hotel. That turned out to be a great boon for us because by having the event online, people from all over the U.S., Canada, and Kuwait were able to attend.

Presenters included those who were conducing leading edge research, providing excellent pastoral care, and instituting new programs for women veterans. We also heard the tragic stories of servicewomen who suffered from moral injury. It was a very compelling program.

Since only about 150 people attended the conference, we needed a way to get the information out to a greater audience. To do so, we created a proceedings book. The content of the book consists of key presentations, including:

  • Contemplative Practices and Lamentations
  • Faith-Based and Secular Meditation: Everyday, Betrayal Trauma and Other Posttraumatic Applications for Personal Practice and with Clients
  • Moral Injury: A Common And Often Neglected Syndrome Among Veterans Experiencing War Trauma
  • Military Moral Injury and Women Veterans
  • Planning a Faith Community Military Veteran Ministry
  • Female Service Members and Veterans and Suicide Risk: What We Need to Know

The information in the book is invaluable, but we decided to keep the cost very affordable. It is more important that we get the knowledge out to those who need it rather than make money. We are a non-profit organization though and we need to make enough money to support our research and education work, as well as pay the staff. To meet all of these goals, we set the price at $65. We expect to publish the book by the end of January of 2021, but you can pre-order from our store now for only $50. It just might be the most important book you read next year.

Dr. Daniel Roberts is an author, consultant, and teacher who conducts world-class education and research in military chaplaincy. He has over 18 years of experience in providing emotional and spiritual support to the men and women in the armed forces. Daniel also provides training and mentorship to thousands of military chaplains through conferences, classroom instruction, and one-on-one coaching. His students include chaplains from the US Army, Air Force, and Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). Dr. Roberts also helped the CAF develop military doctrine for the deployment of chaplains as religious advisers.

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Divine Inspiration and the Rocky Path

Whenever we set out to accomplish a goal, we encounter tons of problems, usually a lot more problems than we bargained for or predicted. The challenges often surprise us and it seems that the easier we think something should be, the more likely we are to experience obstacles. As the problems mount, we begin to doubt ourselves and wonder if the whole venture wasn’t a big mistake. I’m speaking about myself of course, but you might be able to relate.

I often feel divinely inspired to start projects. I certainly felt divinely inspired to start my non-profit organization. In divine inspiration, God shows us a beautiful picture, a vista filled with colors and wonder. Our emotions soar, we get excited about doing something amazing, and if we can overcome our fears, we set out on our journey.

Photo by John Salzarulo on Unsplash

What we don’t see is the rocky road that awaits us. It is the difficult path of problems, unforeseen obstacles, heartbreak, and discouragement. We don’t see these things because God does not show them to us. He doesn’t let us in on the secret, because if He did, we wouldn’t get started in the first place. Very few of us are interested in self-inflicted pain. We are not eager to take on challenges that may kill us. I’m not using kill literally here, but I have certainly felt that I was going to die emotionally or spiritually along the way.

If you are anything like me, when the problems hit hard you begin to doubt the divine inspiration that led you down the path you are on. I think that is a mistake. I believe that facing those problems is just as much the point as achieving the outcome. God wants us to tackle tremendously difficult problems. He entices us to do so by showing us the beauty and grandeur of the end result and then He continues to strengthen us, guide us, and help us on the difficult journey, especially when we think we are going to “die”.

Why would God subject us to such pain and frustration? Well, it is because we are amazing people with amazing potential who don’t know our own strengths and are often too interested in comfort to face our fears and rise to the level of greatness that God created us for. I think that every “mistake”, false start, obstacle, painful experience, triumph and lesson learned is part of what God is trying to do in our lives to help us grow into the amazing creations we can be.

God is patient. He doesn’t miracle us to success. From our own little tiny perspective, everything takes too long, works too slow or is too difficult for our tastes, but He waited 13 billion years for you to come along. Scientists say that it took 9 billion years for the Earth to be formed. Bible literalists don’t agree with that, but it makes sense to me. I wish God would work a little quicker on my behalf but that doesn’t seem to be His nature. Of course, if He did, then I would miss the whole point of the journey, which is the growth process.

Look, you can do what you want with all of this, but it really encourages me to know that the problems I encounter in the pursuit of my dreams are not from my misreading God’s divine inspiration, a lack of intelligence on my part or punishment for my unwillingness to conform (I am an incorrigible non-conformist. Not even 30 years in the Army changed that). The rocky path is all part of God’s plan and the best thing for me to do is enjoy every minute of the journey, even the parts that hurt like hell.

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Why We Need a Conference for Women Veterans and Clergy Men

As a man myself, and someone who served in the U.S. Army Chaplain Corps for 18 years, I can honestly say that I had no idea how difficult it was to serve as a woman in the military. Four years ago I began to get a clue and it was very disturbing.

In 20I6, I completed my first research project, a dissertation study called, A Comprehensive Plan for Providing Chaplaincy Support to Wounded Female Soldiers: A Delphi Study. That work had a profound impact on my life. In the study, I interviewed women who served in the U.S. Army and were wounded in an overseas deployment. Of the many findings that appeared, two in particular created an emotional stir for me.

First, it became clear that women do not experience the military the same way as men. Despite many policy, regulatory and legislative changes, women are still the object of ridicule, harassment, dismissiveness and disrespect by male peers, leaders and even subordinates. During my interviews, one woman who was a senior level sergeant said, “This is the first time anyone has ever asked me what I think.” A very disturbing statement given that the Army had been paying her for many years to give her opinions and lead soldiers. Unfortunately, too many people blame women for not being outspoken and confident, when it is men who are most to blame for creating an environment in which women are not free to lead in the same way as men. Women who dare to lead with aggression and strength are called “bitches” or “cunts”. Women who are kind and loving are often taken advantage of.

The second disturbing finding was that most women did not have a positive experience with a military chaplain. All of the chaplains were men, and the women found the clergy to be dismissive, uncaring, or quick to refer them to someone else. Based on participants’ statements, the chaplains lacked the empathy, experience, and skill to provide emotional and spiritual support to women struggling to function in a male-dominated world that was already saturated with the stress inherent in a combat environment. I believe that the main problem was not that the chaplain men did not care, but they lacked the training to understand the difficulties women experience in military life.

While my dissertation moved me to continue researching the needs and experiences of military women, it did not prepare me for what was going to happen next. The turning point in my life came as a result of a moral injury study I currently co-lead with a colleague from the University of Phoenix. Moral injury has become a hot topic over the last few years. Unfortunately, most studies and concepts focus on the experiences of men and assume that the data and principles apply equally to women. This is a faulty assumption.

Our study is developing a theory of moral injury in servicewomen by focusing exclusively on the experiences of women veterans. In 2018, I began conducting in-depth interviews with participants and was not at all prepared for what I heard. Women told stories of forced abortions, gang rapes, acts of violence, and other crimes perpetrated against them by the sergeants and officers who were supposed to care for and protect them. Everyone knows that sexual assaults happen in the military, but reading official reports written in the business language of the military or attending semi-annual training that mostly describes victims’ rights and the process of reporting does not have the emotional effect of hearing first-hand what has happened to people. That might be one reason that despite the best efforts of military leaders, little change has occurred in the reported numbers of military sexual violence. We are numb to the devastation that military sexual trauma is having on our young women because they are just numbers on a page, colors on a bar graph.

In listening to these women, my world was rocked. For a while, I had trouble sleeping. Only a heartless person could be unmoved when hearing someone talk about how she had to clean her best friend’s brains off of her own face when her friend shot herself in the head because of an endless string of sexual assaults. These and other stories caused me to think about how little I knew about what was really happening to some women in uniform. I learned that I could only conduct so many interviews in one week. I needed time to decompress, otherwise I would be unable to help anyone.

I also knew that few of my fellow ministers understood either. We think we care. We think we understand. But we don’t truly understand. We all need to hear these stories and recognize that so many servicewomen live in a dark and dangerous place, a place where they are not safe from harm by their fellow soldiers, a place where they cannot afford to express emotions or show weakness.

The conferences this spring in Charleston, SC and Richmond, VA are my answer to the ignorance I share with many of my fellow chaplains and civilian clergy. In these events, we will hear some of the stories of the women veterans who have suffered at the hands of people they once trusted. We will be moved to take action, and we will learn how to provide holistic healing and support from both a spiritual and mental perspective. The conferences will change the lives of all who attend because we will begin to develop collaborative relationships between military chaplains, Veterans Administration chaplains, civilian faith leaders, and community health providers. Women veterans will be exposed to a variety of healing modalities, many of which will be taught by other servicewomen who have been through the fire and came out on the other side. Registration is only $50 and it will probably be the best most important money you have ever spent. Share this article with every woman veteran and faith leader you know.

Dr. Daniel Roberts is an author, consultant, and teacher who conducts world-class education and research in military chaplaincy. He has over 18 years of experience in providing emotional and spiritual support to the men and women in the armed forces. Daniel also provides training and mentorship to thousands of military chaplains through conferences, classroom instruction, and one-on-one coaching. His students include chaplains from the US Army, Air Force, and Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). Dr. Roberts also helped the CAF develop military doctrine for the deployment of chaplains as religious advisers.

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